Voodoo / Vodún bezeichnet vor allem jedoch eine synkretistische und äußerst komplexe Religionsform, die in unterschiedlichen, aber vergleichbaren. Voodoo [ˈvuːduː], auch Vodun, Voudou, Wudu oder Wodu, ist eine synkretistische Religion, die sich ursprünglich in Westafrika entwickelte und heute auch in. Ein Bocor (seltener auch Bokor oder Bòcò geschrieben) ist ein Priester im haitianischen Voodoo, der auch oder ausschließlich die zerstörerischen und. Bilder und Figuren sind die Vergegenwärtigung des Geistes, der auf den Menschen einwirkt und auf den man einwirken will. Für viele Menschen dagegen ist die Gruppe der Initianden und Initiierten eine neue Familie, eine Zuflucht gegen die innere Obdachlosigkeit in unsicherer Zeit. Es war mir nicht möglich, über diese Fragen Anfang der 90er Jahre einen Artikel zu veröffentlichen, ein deutscher Verlag weigerte sich, das Problem zur Kenntnis zu nehmen. Familiäre Verbindungen bestanden in Hamburg nicht mehr, obwohl ein Teil der Familie hier lebte. Der Exorzismus wird ausgeübt 7. In der Regel bleiben wir Beobachter und Beschreibende und werden als solche einem afrikanischen Menschen nur unzureichend helfen können. In Westafrika gibt es zahlreiche unterschiedliche Ausprägungen des Voodoo- Kultes. Als Christen brauchen wir uns nicht vor allem möglichen zu fürchten und müssen auch nicht für alles das Patentrezept zu haben. Vor allem brauchen wir uns nicht in Unsicherheit versetzen zu lassen, sondern stehen mit beiden Beinen auf dem Boden. In den Gottesdiensten und Versammlungen wird die jeweils herrschende afrikanische Sprache gesprochen. Menschen, die von Göttern während Trancezeremonien kurzzeitig eingenommen wurden, werden im Voodoo hoch geehrt und von Kranken und Hilfesuchenden während der Trance befragt. Ich habe im Laufe von mehr als drei Jahrzehnten beobachten können, wie sich in Südafrika die Angst vor Schadenszauber immer stärker verbreitet hat. Der Voodoo- Kult ist dort auch Weissen zugänglich.
Anthony, founder of App Advisory. Jack, co-founder of 2 Star Games. Yadnesh, co-founder of BDJ Studios. Snake VS Block "Having worked with other publishers in the past, Voodoo offers much more than a classic publishing deal.
Benoit, co-founder of Bento Studio. Thomas, co-founder of 1Button. Alexis, co-founder of Two4Tea Studio. The Website is open to public access.
The Website notably allows you to submit a video game to Voodoo on the page http: FR 3 Publication director: The publication director of the Website is Mr.
The hosting service provider for the Website is gandi. You hereby undertake not to harm, directly or indirectly via the intermediary of a third party, the intellectual property rights of Voodoo over the Website.
You hereby refrain from reproducing any element of the Website, by any means whatsoever, in any form whatsoever and on any medium whatsoever, without the prior consent of Voodoo.
Pursuant to the data protection and freedom of information act of 6th January amended and the General Data Protection Regulation GDPR , by justifying your identity, you have a right to access, amend, modify, delete and move data concerning you.
You can also, for legitimate reasons, object in whole or in part, to data processing. To exercise these rights, please send us an email to: For further detailed information about your rights, please log on to the CNIL website at www.
Insofar as no control is exercised over these external resource, you acknowledge that Voodoo does not accept any liability pertaining to provision of these resources, and may not be held liable as to their content.
These will not lead to any compensation. You confirm that you are aware and accept the characteristics and limits of information transfer online, as well as costs pertaining to connection to the internet.
Voodoo expressly reserves the right, without compensation, to amend the Website in whole or in part at any time as well as its presentation or medium and to interrupt update of the Website.
The liability of Voodoo may under no circumstances be incurred for any damages whatsoever suffered by yourself or any third party, resulting directly or indirectly from access and use of the Website.
In all instances, the liability of Voodoo, in such instance as it is incurred, will be limited to the direct prejudice suffered with the exclusion of any indirect prejudice, of any nature whatsoever, such as notably loss of data, loss of opportunities, of profits or operation, or any other financial loss resulting from use or impossibility to use the Website.
Voodoo is not under any obligation to store elements which may be sent via the Website and will not be bound to return elements sent by you.
You hereby undertake to take all necessary precautions accordingly. You hereby accept not to upload, communicate, send or otherwise make available any content: By submitting content to our Website, you: They are subject to modification without any other formality than posting online a new amended version, with this version alone prevailing.
Domingue as the First Black Empire; two years later, after his assassination, it became the Republic of Haiti. This was the second nation to gain independence from European rule after the United States , and the only state to have arisen from the liberation of slaves.
No nation recognized the new state, which was instead met with isolation and boycotts. This exclusion from the global market led to major economic difficulties for the new state.
Many of the leaders of the revolt disassociated themselves from Vodou. They strived to be accepted as Frenchmen and good Catholics rather than as free Haitians.
Yet most practitioners of Vodou saw, and still see, no contradiction between Vodou and Catholicism, and also take part in Catholic masses.
The new Haitian state did not recognize Vodou as an official religion. In , the government made practising Vodou punishable.
Secret Voodoo societies therefore continued to be important. These societies also provided the poor with protection and solidarity against the exercising of power by the elite.
They had their own symbols and codes. Today, Vodou is practiced not only by Haitians but by Americans and people of many other nations who have been exposed to Haitian culture.
Haitian creole forms of Vodou exist in Haiti, the Dominican Republic , Cuba,  some of the outer islands of the Bahamas , the United States, and other places to which Haitians have immigrated.
There has been a re-emergence of the Vodun traditions in the United States, maintaining the same ritual and cosmological elements as in West Africa.
Duvalier was involved in the noirisme movement and hoped to re-value cultural practices that had their origins in Africa.
Duvalier manipulated Vodou to suit his purposes throughout his Reign of Terror. He organized the Vodou priests in the countryside and had them advance his agenda, instilling fear through promoting the belief that he had supernatural powers playing into the religion's mysticism.
Many Haitians involved in the practice of Vodou have been initiated as Houngans or Mambos. In January , after the Haiti earthquake traditional ceremonies were organized to appease the spirits and seek the blessing of ancestors for the Haitians.
Also a "purification ceremony" was planned for Haiti. Following the Haiti earthquake , there were verbal and physical attacks against vodou practitioners in Haiti perpetrated by those who felt that vodouists were partially responsible for the natural disaster.
Furthermore, during a Cholera outbreak in several Vodou priests were lynched by mobs who believed them to be spreading the disease.
Because of the religious syncretism between Catholicism and Vodou, it is difficult to estimate the number of Vodouists in Haiti. Statue of a djab , a quick-working wild spirit.
Vodou has often been associated in popular culture with Satanism , witchcraft , zombies and "voodoo dolls". Zombie creation has been referenced within rural Haitian culture,  but is not a part of Vodou.
Such manifestations fall under the auspices of the bokor or sorcerer, rather than the priest of the loa. The practice of sticking pins in voodoo dolls has history in folk magic.
The general fear of Vodou in the US can be traced back to the end of the Haitian Revolution There is a legend that Haitians were able to beat the French during the Haitian Revolution because their Vodou deities made them invincible.
Free and enslaved Haitians who moved to New Orleans brought their religious beliefs with them and reinvigorated the Voodoo practices that were already present in the city.
Eventually, Voodoo in New Orleans became hidden and the magical components were left present in the public sphere. This created what is called hoodoo in the southern part of the United States.
Because hoodoo is folk magic, Voodoo and Afro-diasporic religions in the U. This is one origin of the stereotype that Haitian Vodou, New Orleans Voodoo, and hoodoo are all tricks used to make money off of the gullible.
The elites preferred to view it as folklore in an attempt to render it relatively harmless as a curiosity that might continue to inspire music and dance.
Fearing an uprising in opposition to the US occupation of Haiti , political and religious elites, along with Hollywood and the film industry, sought to trivialize the practice of Vodou.
In , a 7. And they got together and swore a pact to the devil. They said 'We will serve you if you will get us free from the prince.
And so the devil said, 'Ok it's a deal. The Haitians revolted and got something themselves free. But ever since they have been cursed by one thing after another.
Scholarly research on Vodou and other African spiritual retentions in Haiti started in the early 20th century with chronicles such as Zora Neale Hurston 's "Tell My Horse", amongst others.
The impact of the religion qua spiritual and intellectual disciplines on popular national institutions, human and gender relations, the family, that plastic arts, philosophy and ethics, oral and written literature, language, popular and sacred music, science and technology and the healing arts, is indisputable.
It is the belief of the Congress that Vodou plays, and shall continue to play, a major role in the grand scheme of Haitian development and in the socio-economic, political, and cultural arenas.
Development, when real and successful, always comes from the modernization of ancestral traditions, anchored in the rich cultural expressions of a people.
Another individual who has pursued the organization of houngan is Max Beauvoir , who established and heads the National Confederation of Haitian Vodou.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Art Cultural language relation to Christianity Sexual orientation. This section needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. January Learn how and when to remove this template message.
Haitian Vodou and sexual orientation. Traditional African religion portal. The University of Chicago Press.
Center for Black Studies Research. Understanding a Misunderstood Religion". Retrieved 30 January Crossing the Water and Keeping the Faith: Haitian Religion in Miami.
Tying Body and Soul in Haitian Religion". Studies in Religion-Sciences Religieuses. In her book "Tell My Horse", Zora Neale Hurston writes that "Damballah is the highest and most powerful of all the gods, but never is he referred to as the father of the gods as was Jupiter, Odin, and great Zeus Ce Papa nous qui pe' passe'!
Black Religions in the New World. Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion. Harvard Review of Latin America. Ritual and Social Change in Lowland Haiti".
Journal of Religion in Africa. Comparative Literature and Culture The Living Gods of Haiti. The Educational Character of Haitian Vodou". Retrieved Dec 5, Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution.
The Evangelical Rewriting of Haitian History". Creolization and Connaissance in Haitian Vodou". Retrieved Dec 8, Sin, Fraud, Entertainment and Religion".
Spirit, Myth and Reality. Archived from the original on 6 November Retrieved 2 August Smith, Ryan January 13, Haiti "Cursed" After "Pact to the Devil " ".
Archived from the original on January 7, Retrieved January 7, The Voodoo Hoodoo Spellbook. Blier, Suzanne Preston West African Roots of Vodou".
Sacred Arts of Haitian Vodou. Brown, Karen McCarthy A Vodou Priestess in Brooklyn. University of California Press. The Ritual Economy of Haitian Vodou".
Retrieved 28 March A Note on Orthography". The Serpent and the Rainbow. The Ethnobiology of the Haitian Zombie.
The University of North Carolina Press. Journal of Black Studies. The Book of Vodou. Kilson, Martin ; Rotberg, Robert I. University of California, Santa Barbara.
Retrieved 22 March Archived from the original PDF on Journal of Caribbean Studies. Archives de Sciences Sociales des Religions.
Thompson, Robert Farris Flash of the Spirit: Conjure In African American Society. Louisiana State University Press.
Angels in the Mirror: Vodou Musics of Haiti. Compact Disc and small book. Bellegarde-Smith and Claudine, Michel. Indiana University Press, A CD with text containing the ritual drumming.
Africa's Secret Power, Austria, Perliner, Religion and the African American Conjuring Tradition. Edited by Cosentino, Donald et al. Deren, Maya, Divine Horsemen: The Living Gods of Haiti film.
Deren, Maya, The Voodoo Gods. The Haitian Vodou Handbook. Destiny Books of Inner Traditions International ,Tchamba ist ein Besessenheitskult im Süden von Togo, bei dem die Geister ehemaliger Sklaven geehrt werden. Politics of Free Craps Online and Real Money Casino Play Movement. Immer wieder wird Voodoo als schwarze Magie angesehen. Marianne Lehmann baute in den letzten 25 Jahren eine Sammlung auf bestehend aus bisher über Gegenständen haitianischer Voodoo-Objekten. Magie und vodoo Wirkungen gehören in einen gemeinsamen Kulturkreis und seine Vorstellungswelt. Beste Spielothek in Brunshausen finden hat hier nichts mit passivem Erleiden eines seelisch Kranken zu tun; es gilt als eine Ehre, von Göttern "geritten" zu werden. Die iota forum deutsch Kolonialherren verboten ihnen die Leonard cohen tibetan book of the dead youtube ihres Glaubens und quasar 200 den Katholizismus als offizielle Religion der dutt könig. Wir können uns zwar hinein denken und dafür Verständnis aufbringen. History of Religions in the Caribbean. Der Orakelmeister muss sich deshalb als sehr verantwortungsvoll erweisen. Bei Priesterinnen wird dieser begriffliche Beste Spielothek in Lans finden meist nicht gemacht; sie werden stets als Mambos bezeichnet.